What Genetic Health Screens should my Breed Have?
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What Genetic diseases and/or conditions should my breed be screened for?
When researching a potential purchase of a puppy or dog, it is important to find a breeder who screens for health related issues. The incidence, type and severity of inherited genetic disease varies from breed to breed. The OFA and the Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) have worked with breed clubs to establish the specific screening criteria that is most important for each of those individual breeds.
How to Research
- Find a breed below, and click on it to see the diseases and/or conditions which are considered of high importance for screening in that particular breed. The list represents the breeds where the parent club participates in the Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) program and has defined a recommended health testing protocol.
- Use the OFA Records Search feature (at left) to search the parents and relatives of your potential new puppy or dog by dog name, part of name, breed, disease type, etc. Searching by kennel name may also reveal valuable information about other dogs in this kennel. All dogs that have had an OFA screening test with normal results since 1974 are in the searchable online database. Dogs with abnormal results are in the searchable online database if the owner authorized disclosure. If a dog is not listed in the database, it is fair to assume that the dog has not been screened for genetic disease by the OFA, or had abnormal results. The OFA also has a reciprocal agreement to list any available CERF results on dogs with an OFA record.
DNA Testing Information
- DNA markers for canine genetic diseases are being found at a rapid rate. The OFA maintains and continually updates a list of all known DNA tests by breed and disease type. Check the list for your breed.
What if my breed is not listed below?
- If your breed is not yet part of the CHIC program, you may be able to find more information about issues of concern for that breed by doing a Google search for the parent breed club.If it is an AKC breed, you can find a link to the parent breed club by finding your breed listing under the "breeds" tab on the AKC website.
Alphabetical List of CHIC Breeds
A B C | D E F | G H I | J K L | M N O | P R S | T V W | Y